Category Archives: Section 3.2

S 03.02

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Initial Display and No Display Book Classification.

Also posted in Article 03, Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.1

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(a) General Guidelines. Pursuant to Section 3.2(b). (Display/No Display Classification), Google and the Registry will classify all Books in one of two categories, either Display Books, as described in Section 3.3 (Display Books), or No Display Books, as described in Section 3.4 (No Display Books).

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(a), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.2

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(b) Display/No Display Classification. Google will initially classify a Book as No Display if it is determined to be Commercially Available as of the Notice Commencement Date, and Display if it is determined not to be Commercially Available as of the Notice Commencement Date. A Rightsholder, Google, or the Registry (pursuant to Section 3.2(e)(i) (Change Requests by Rightsholders), may change a Book’s classification as Display or No Display as set forth in this Article III (Google Book Search – Rights, Benefits and Obligations).

Also posted in Section 3.2(b), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.3

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(c) Notification of Display/No Display Classification. The Books Database will identify whether a Book has been classified as a Display Book or a No Display Book.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(c), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4

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(d) Commercial Availability, In Print/Out of Print and Public Domain Determination.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.1

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(i) Basis for Determination. Google shall determine whether a Book is Commercially Available or not Commercially Available based on an its analysis of multiple third-party databases as well as an its analysis of the Book’s retail availability based on information that is publicly available on the Internet to it on the Internet. Google will use third-party databases from a range of United States, Canadian, United Kingdom, and Australian sources that can be obtained on fair and commercially reasonable terms. When analyzing the third-party databases, Google will use the publishing status, product availability and/or availability codes to determine whether or not the particular database being used considers that Book to be offered for sale new through one or more then-customary channels of trade in the United States Commercially Available. When analyzing information that is publicly available to it on the Internet, Google will determine retail availability by consulting various sources to determine whether the Book is available for sale new Commercially Available. Each of these sources may contain errors; by combining information from multiple sources, Google , however shall use commercially reasonable efforts to determine whether a Book is Commercially Available or is not Commercially Available in a manner that is using a methodology reasonably agreed to by Google and the Registry that is designed to minimize the overall error rate. All Books for which Google does not have information from the sources identified above will be determined to be not Commercially Available. Rightsholders may provide information directly to Google that a Book is being offered for sale new through one or more then-customary channels of trade in the United States Commercially Available when they submit their Claim Form Forms, through the Books Database or, at any time after such submission, to Google or the Registry. When Rightsholders provide such information to Google, unless Google receives such information from Rightsholders or the Registry or Rightsholders otherwise assert that their Books are Commercially Available, such Books promptly shall be classified as Commercially Available. If Google reasonably believes that the such information or assertion is inaccurate, the Book shall be determined to be Commercially Available and Google shall change then Google may challenge the classification of the Book to a No Display Book within thirty (30) days of receipt of such information pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution).

Also posted in Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(i), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.1.1

2 responses to “S 03.02.4.1.1”

  1. Diana Kimpton says:

    This clause is completely unworkable. It is impossible for an automated database system such as the one at the heart of the Google Book Settlement to indentify which books contain the same Principal Work. Different editions have totally unrelated ISBNs and may not even have the same title. I have been in touch with the database people about this and been told, ” The of linking editions is something that is continually being worked on. As mentioned in the last answer, when you file a claim as the rightsholder to a book, whether it be deemed commercially unavailable or available, you control the operative settings to the book. You may direct Google want display settings they are allowed to use for the book. ” (typo is theirs, not mine)

    I’ve also spoken to them by phone and got the impression they don’t think that linking the editions is very important. When I quoted this clause, there was a long silence followed by a promise to find out more and phone me back. They haven’t. I suspect that’s because they haven’t got an answer.

    Examining the database shows that the non-working of this clause leaves editions of some very high profile books deemed to be not commercially available although it’s easy to buy other editions in the shops.

  2. Read 3.2(d)(iii) Mistakes and it’s easy to see why Google doesn’t view this as a priority matter.

(1) In-Copyright Principal Work. If a Book’s Principal Work is not in the public domain under the Copyright Act in the United States and that Book is Commercially Available, then any other Book that has the same Principal Work (such as a previous edition) is also deemed to be Commercially Available, whether or not such other Book is at the time in question also Commercially Available.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(i), Section 3.2(d)(i)(1), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.1.2

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(2) Public Domain Principal Work. Public Domain Principal Work. If a Book’s Principal Work is in the public domain under the Copyright Act in the United States, and that Book is Commercially Available and also contains an Insert (i.e., content that qualifies as an Insert and is not in the public domain under the Copyright Act in the United States), then any earlier edition of such Book that contains such Insert is also deemed to be Commercially Available.

Also posted in Article 03, Definitions, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(i), Section 3.2(d)(i)(2) | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.2

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(ii) In-Print/Out-of-Print. Google’s initial determination of whether or not a Book is Commercially Available will be used to initially classify Books as “In-Print” or “Out-Of-Print,” as such classifications are defined in the Author-Publisher Procedures, and only for purposes of the Settlement. Google shall provide the Registry with the determination as to whether a Book is Commercially Available as of the Notice Commencement Date and thereafter from time to time. Classification of Books as In-Print or Out-Of-Print pursuant to the terms of the Author-Publisher Procedures shall be the responsibility of the Registry. If the Registry re-classifies a Book as Out-Of-Print, the Registry will direct Google to change the classification of the Book to a Display Book, which Google shall do within thirty (30) days unless the Rightsholder of the Book, subject to Section 3.2(e)(i) (Change Requests by Rightsholders), expressly requests that the Book be treated as a No Display Book. If the Registry reclassifies a Book as In-Print, the Registry will direct Google to change the classification of the Book to a No Display Book only upon the express request of the Rightsholder of the Book, subject to Section 3.2(e)(i) (Change Requests by Rightsholders).

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d)(ii), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.3

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(iii) Mistakes. If a Book was mistakenly determined by Google not to be Commercially Available, then the Rightsholder of the Book may notify Google, or may authorize the Registry to notify Google, of such mistaken determination. To verify the claim, the Registry will provide, upon Google’s reasonable request, information supporting any assertion by the Rightsholder of the Book that the Book is Commercially Available. If the Rightsholder demonstrates asserts that the Book is Commercially Available, then, as Google’s sole obligation and the Rightsholder’s sole remedy (subject to Section 3.2(d)(iv) (Disputes)), Google promptly shall correct the determination as to whether the Book is Commercially Available within thirty (30) days.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(iii), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.4

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(iv) Disputes. The Registry and Google shall work together to resolve any disputes regarding the determination of whether a Book is Commercially Available. If they are unable to do so, then the dispute shall be resolved pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution). If the Arbitrator, in such dispute, finds in favor of the Rightsholder, then Google shall pay the Rightsholder’s reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs, including arbitration costs.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(iv), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.5

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(v) Safe Harbor Public Domain Determination.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(v), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.5.1

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(1) Safe Harbor Process. Attachment E (Public Domain) sets forth the process by which Google may determine whether a book is a Public Domain Book for the sole purpose of determining whether Section 3.2(d)(v)(3) (Safe Harbor) is applicable. Attachment E (Public Domain) may be amended by Google and the Registry from time to time if Google develops and provides to the Registry additional or different processes for determining whether a book is a Public Domain Book. If the Registry reasonably believes that such processes do not identify Public Domain Books accurately, then the Registry shall notify Google thereof. Google shall respond to such notice within thirty (30) days, either by modifying such process or by explaining how such process can reasonably identify Public Domain Books accurately. Any disputes as to whether the process can reasonably identify Public Domain Books for purposes of determining the applicability of Section 3.2(d)(v)(3) (Safe Harbor) shall be resolved pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution).

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(v), Section 3.2(d)(v)(1), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.5.2

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(2) List. Google shall identify to the Registry books that it has determined to be Public Domain Books pursuant to the process set forth in Attachment E (Public Domain) and for which Google wants the safe harbor described in Section 3.2(d)(v)(3) (Safe Harbor). For each such book, Google shall provide the supporting reasons and information that Attachment E (Public Domain) requires. At any time, the Registry or a Rightsholder may notify Google that it or a Rightsholder believes that any such book is not a Public Domain Book (with supporting reasons and information) and, upon receipt of such notice, Google shall promptly review the supporting reasons and information and shall either (a) re-classify the Book as in copyright or (b) notify the Registry and any notifying Rightsholder that Google continues to believe the book is a Public Domain Book. Any disputes with respect to whether a book is a Public Domain Book shall be resolved pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution); in any such dispute, the burdens of proof as to whether the book is in copyright or in the public domain under the Copyright Act in the United States (and the allocation and shifting of such burdens) shall be as if the action were one for copyright infringement brought under the Copyright Act.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(v), Section 3.2(d)(v)(2), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.4.5.3

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(3) Safe Harbor. If, with respect to a book, Google has followed the process set forth in Attachment E (Public Domain) and neither the Registry nor a Rightsholder has notified Google pursuant to Section 3.2(d)(v)(2) (List), then Google may treat such book as if it is in the public domain under the Copyright Act in the United States for the purposes of this Amended Settlement Agreement, and Google will have no liability or obligation (a) for any use of such book to the extent that such use would be authorized under this Amended Settlement Agreement if such book were a Display Book or (b) for providing downloadable versions of such book. If the Registry or a Rightsholder has notified Google pursuant to Section3.2(d)(v)(2) (List), Google otherwise obtains actual knowledge that a Book is not in the public domain under the Copyright Act in the United States, or a Book is determined to be in copyright pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution), then, commencing five (5) Business Days from the date of such notice, knowledge or determination, the foregoing limitation on Google’s liability or obligation will not apply.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(d), Section 3.2(d)(v), Section 3.2(d)(v)(3), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.5

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(e) Change of Display/No Display Classification.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(e), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.5.1

2 responses to “S 03.02.5.1”

  1. Just noticed the following:

    The Registry shall be able to direct Google to change the classification of a Book to a Display Book or a group of Books to Display Books.

    No limitation is placed on this power that I can see. In 3.2(d)(ii) it states that the Registry may do this if it decides a book is out of print, but here there appears to be no qualification of time or reason, or any requirement that the Registry notify the rights-holder(s) (or the UWF).

  2. I have just found the crucial limitation: in 6.7:

    In no event, however, may the Registry direct Google to change the classification of a Book, include or exclude a Book or Insert in or from any Display Use, or take any other action, that is contrary to such Book or Insert Rightsholder’s express direction

(i) Change Requests by Rightsholders. For all Books, the Registered Rightsholder of the Book or the Registry, for unclaimed Books, the Unclaimed Works Fiduciary (subject to the last sentence of this Section 3.2(e)(i) (Change Requests by Rightsholders) may direct Google or the Registry to change the classification of a Book or group of Books to a Display Book or Display Books or to a No Display Book or No Display Books or to include in, or, pursuant to Section 3.5 (Right to Remove or Exclude), exclude any or all of his, her or its Books or group of Books from, one or more of the Display Uses. In the event the Rightsholder directs that any of his, her or its Books be included in one or more of the Display Uses, (1) the provisions of Section 3.5(b)(iii) (Coupling Requirement) will apply to such Books, (2) such Books will be considered Display Books, and (3) such Display Uses will be deemed authorized. Google will implement a direction to change the classification of a Book within thirty (30) days after Google receives notice of such direction. The Registry shall be able to direct Google to change the classification of a Book to a Display Book or a group of Books to Display Books. A direction to change the classification of a Book to a No Display Book or a group of Books to No Display Books, however, must be initiated by the Rightsholder of the Book or Books.

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(e), Section 3.2(e)(i), Settlement | Comments closed

S 03.02.5.2

One response to “S 03.02.5.2”

  1. Gillian Spraggs says:

    But what if the book has been previously excluded from Display uses by the rights-holder under Section 3.5(b)(i)? Can Google use Section 3.2(e)(ii) to reopen the matter? This is important, since it would mean, effectively, that rights-holders might be repeatedly importuned on this matter indefinitely: with all sorts of scope for messages going astray, etc.

(ii) Change Requests by Google. At any time after one (1) year from the Final Approval Date, Google shall have the right to request that the classification of a Book be changed to a Display Book if Google believes that the Book is not Commercially Available at that time, or if Google believes that a mistake was made in initially determining the Book to be Commercially Available. Upon receipt of such a request from Google, the Registry shall have one hundred and twenty (120) days to attempt to contact the Rightsholder of the Book to inform such Rightsholder of such request and/or collect evidence with respect to whether the Book is Commercially Available. The Registry shall notify Google if it is able to contact such Rightsholder and will inform Google whether such Rightsholder wants the Book to remain classified as a No Display Book. If the Rightsholder of the Book provides evidence that the Book is Commercially Available or otherwise directs Google that he, she or it wants the Book to remain a No Display Book, or if the Registry otherwise determines that the Book is Commercially Available, then the Registry will notify Google, and Google will not change the classification of the Book to a Display Book at that time on that basis. If, by the end of the one hundred twenty (120)-day period, the Registry is unable to contact the Rightsholder or to find accurate evidence regarding whether the Book is Commercially Available, then the Registry shall inform Google and Google may change the classification of the Book to a Display Book, subject to Section 3.5 (Right to Remove or Exclude).

Also posted in Article 03, Section 3.2(e), Section 3.2(e)(ii), Settlement | Comments closed