Category Archives: Section 4.2

S 04.2

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Consumer Purchases.

Also posted in Article 04, Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.1

4 responses to “S 04.2.1”

  1. Gillian Spraggs says:

    ‘Consumer Purchase will enable purchasers to view … print pages of a Book’

    Google has clarified that in these circumstances the book will not be downloadable; it will be held on a server, ‘in the cloud’.

    This provision is evidently intended to reassure rights-holders that their works will be safe from being pirated. In fact, it offers virtually no protection. Anyone who doesn’t believe me should investigate the use of the PrintScr key on their keyboard, and of readily available (and perfectly legal) screen capture software.

  2. You don’t even need print-screen; Google has been strongly hiting that you just need to copy-and-paste in four-page increments. There won’t be an overall limit, so far as I’ve heard. I’ve heard the four- and twenty-page limits described as speed bumps, rather than an attempt at a fully secure system.

  3. Gillian Spraggs says:

    Google has been strongly hinting that you just need to copy-and-paste in four-page increments<\i>

    That’s very interesting. Can you point to a specific statement from the company that would support that? I’d rather taken it that the four pages was an absolute limit per work.

    One of the things that seems apparent is that Google in its public statements is trying to address (at least) two different constituencies, with widely differing, indeed, opposed interests: readers who are hoping for wider access to books at low (or no) cost and the copyright maximalists and protectionists among the publishers and authors. (Its own interests are not necessarily the same as those of either group.)

  4. Gillian Spraggs says:

    “speed bumps”: I see that a statement to that effect, and in very much those terms, was given to Claude Almansi by the counsel for the authors. Thank you; this is a useful reference.

(a) Basic Features of Consumer Purchase. Consumer Purchase will enable purchasers to view, copy/paste and print pages of a Book, and may enable Book Annotations. With respect to copy/paste, the user will not be able to select, copy and paste more than four (4) pages of the content of a Display Book with a single copy/paste command. Printing will be on a page-by-page basis or a page range basis, but the user will not be able to select a page range that is greater than twenty (20) pages with one print command for printing. Google will include a visible watermark on pages printed from the Consumer Purchase, which identifies the material as copyrighted and displays encrypted session identifying information, and which could be used to identify the authorized user that printed the material or the access point from which the material was printed. Such watermark will not obscure the content of the printed pages.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(a), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.1.1

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(i) Alternative License Terms. In lieu of the basic features of Consumer Purchase set forth in Section 4.2(a) (Basic Features of Consumer Purchase), a Rightsholder may direct the Registry to make its Books available at no charge pursuant to one of several standard licenses or similar contractual permissions for use authorized by the Registry under which owners of works make their works available (e.g., Creative Commons Licenses), in which case such Books may be made available without the restrictions of such Section.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(a), Section 4.2(a)(i), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.2

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(b) Pricing Options.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(b), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.2.1

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(i) Pricing of Consumer Purchases. A Rightsholder may select one of two pricing options for Consumer Purchases:

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(b), Section 4.2(b)(i), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.2.1.1

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(1) Specified Price. In this option, the Rightsholder identifies the price (which may be as low as $0.00) for which it wants its Book authorized for Consumer Purchase to be sold. This pricing option is referred to in this Amended Settlement Agreement as the “Specified Price.” The Specified Price may only be changed by the Rightsholder and is not subject to Article IX (Dispute Resolution).

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(b)(i), Section 4.2(b)(i)(1), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.2.1.2

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(2) Settlement Controlled Price. In this option, the Rightsholder permits the price for which its Book authorized for Consumer Purchase is to be sold to be determined by an algorithm (the “Pricing Algorithm”) that Google will design to find the optimal such price for each such Book and, accordingly, in order to maximize revenue for each Rightsholder revenues for the Rightsholder for such Book and without regard to changes to the price of any other Book (but Google may use historical price data of other Books in designing the Pricing Algorithm). This pricing plan is referred to in this Amended Settlement Agreement as the “Settlement Controlled Price,” and is governed by the provisions in Section 4.2(c) (Settlement Controlled Pricing).

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(b), Section 4.2(b)(i), Section 4.2(b)(i)(2), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.2.2

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(ii) Change of Pricing Option. At any time, the Rightsholder of a Book may switch between the Specified Price and Settlement Controlled Price upon seven (7) days’ prior notice to Google or the Registry.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(b), Section 4.2(b)(ii), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.2.3

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(iii) Default Pricing Option. If the Rightsholder of a Book has not specifically directed that its Book be sold at a Specified Price, then Consumer Purchase of that Book will be sold at the Settlement Controlled Price.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(b), Section 4.2(b)(iii), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3

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(c) Settlement Controlled Pricing.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.1

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(i) Pricing Bins. For Books that will be sold at the Settlement Controlled Price, Google and the Registry will agree upon use a set of pre-defined prices for Books (“Pricing Bins”), and each Book will be priced at one of those prices. The initial Pricing Bins for Books will be: $1.99, $2.99, $3.99, $4.99, $5.99, $6.99, $7.99, $8.99, $9.99, $14.99, $19.99 and $29.99. Google and the Registry may agree to establish additional or different Pricing Bins between, below and above these prices at any time; provided, however that (a) the Unclaimed Works Fiduciary has the right to approve the use of such additional or different Pricing Bins for unclaimed Books and (b) the use of such additional or different Pricing Bins for a Registered Rightsholder’s Books is subject to thirty (30) days’ prior notice to such Rightsholder. At any time, the Rightsholder of a Book may specify a maximum and/or a minimum Pricing Bin for its Book and Google will implement such specification within seven (7) days after Google receives notice thereof. In any event, either Google or the Registry has the option to require renegotiation of the number of Pricing Bins or the prices of the Pricing Bins at the end of the three (3)-year period commencing with the Effective Date, and every four (4) years thereafter. Google or the Registry shall give the other party notice at least ninety (90) days prior to the end of the then-current three (3)-or four (4)-year period, as applicable, of its exercise of its option to renegotiate. Such ninety (90)-day period may be extended by mutual written agreement of Google and the Registry. In the event that Google and the Registry cannot agree on changes to the number of Pricing Bins or the prices for each Pricing Bin, as applicable, then the dispute shall be resolved pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution). In the event of such a dispute, the then-current number of Pricing Bins and the prices for each Pricing Bin will continue to apply unless and until the earlier of (1) Google and the Registry agreeing to such changes or (2) the Arbitrator rendering a Decision.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(i), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.2

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(ii) Pricing and Distribution of Books Into Pricing Bins.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(ii), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.2.1

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(1) Initial Pricing Bin Distribution. The initial distribution percentages of Settlement Controlled Price Books that Google offers for Consumer Purchase in the Pricing Bins will be: 5% ($1.99), 10% ($2.99), 13% ($3.99), 13% ($4.99), 10% ($5.99), 8% ($6.99), 6% ($7.99), 5% ($8.99), 11% ($9.99), 8% ($14.99), 6% ($19.99) and 5% ($29.99).

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(ii), Section 4.2(c)(ii)(1), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.2.2

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(2) Development of Pricing Algorithm and Changes to Pricing Bin Distribution. Google will develop the Pricing Algorithm and unilaterally, with no involvement of or control by the Registry or any Rightsholder; provided, however, that Google employees and contractors who may be Rightsholders are not precluded from performing their assigned duties with respect to development of the Pricing Algorithm. In developing the Pricing Algorithm, Google will analyze sales data to ensure the reasonableness of the Pricing Algorithm. The Pricing Algorithm shall base the Settlement Controlled Price of a Book, on an individual Book by Book basis, upon aggregate data collected with respect to Books that are similar to such Book and will be designed to operate in a manner that simulates how an individual Book would be priced by a Rightsholder of that Book acting in a manner to optimize revenues in respect of such Book in a competitive market, that is, assuming no change in the price of any other Book. Based on the Pricing Algorithm, Google may change the price of an individual Book over time in response to sales data and in order to collect additional data to establish the optimal price for such Book. The distribution of Books sold on the basis of Settlement Controlled Prices among the Pricing Bins may change over time as the prices of individual Books are adjusted based on the Pricing Algorithm.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(ii), Section 4.2(c)(ii)(2), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.2.3

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(3) Validation of Pricing Algorithm. The Registry has the right to validate, through the use of a reasonable number of third-party experts, the reasonableness of the Pricing Algorithm and to verify that the conclusions it the Pricing Algorithm produces are statistically valid; provided that (a) Google has no obligation to disclose the Pricing Algorithm or any other Confidential Information of Google to the Registry or any third-party experts retained by the Registry, except as necessary for the Registry’s experts to validate the reasonableness of the Pricing Algorithm and to verify its conclusions, (b) Google will not be required to disclose Confidential Information of Google not originally developed for the Pricing Algorithm, (c) Google may not rely on or introduce into evidence any such non-disclosed Confidential Information in any arbitration pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution) regarding the reasonableness of the Pricing Algorithm, and (d) Google bears the burden of proving that the Pricing Algorithm is reasonable. The Registry’s experts’ receipt of any Confidential Information of Google related to the Pricing Algorithm will be subject to strict non-disclosure agreements, provided that such experts may disclose their conclusions to the Registry and the Registry may disclose their conclusions to Rightsholders.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(ii), Section 4.2(c)(ii)(3), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.2.4

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(4) Disputes. Disputes regarding the Pricing Algorithm or its application shall be resolved pursuant to Article IX (Dispute Resolution).

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(ii), Section 4.2(c)(ii)(4), Settlement | Comments closed

S 04.2.3.3

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(iii) Provision of Settlement Controlled Prices to Registry. Google shall determine and provide to the Registry both the Settlement Controlled Price for all Settlement Controlled Price Books and what would be the Settlement Controlled Price for every Specified Price Book, as if the Rightsholder of such Specified Price Book had selected the Settlement Controlled Price option. Such information is the Confidential Information of Google. Subject to Section 15.4 (Disclosures Required by Law), the Registry shall not disclose the Settlement Controlled Price for any Book to any Person other than the Rightsholders of such Book and, if the price of a Book is publicly available, the Registry shall not disclose whether that price is the Settlement Controlled Price.

Also posted in Article 04, Section 4.2(c), Section 4.2(c)(iii), Settlement | Comments closed